2-1-12-Never Thirst Again
In our last lesson we looked at Jesus’ talk with Nicodemus, the Pharisee. In this lesson we are going to look at another conversation Jesus had, this time with a Samaritan woman. As you know, this episode is found in John Chapter 4. After a time of prayer asking for God’s help with this lesson, begin today’s study
It is another episode from the Year of Preparation. This study will teach us more about the person of the Holy Spirit and of the three persons of the Trinity.
Read John 4:1-John was not yet in prison, but was still baptizing.
Therefore we are still in the Year of Preparation.
Read these verses (John 4:1-7) carefully and practice your Bible study skills by Observing the main points and answering the questions below:
What province of Palestine did Jesus leave?
What province was Jesus going to?
In What province did this episode take place?
Who did Jesus meet?
We will be learning more about the Samaritan people in future lessons. At the present time, it is enough for us to know that the Samaritans were descendants of foreigners who settle in Palestine many years before Jesus.
They married into the families of the Jewish people who lived there and adopted a part of Jewish religion. But they also kept a part of their idol worship. For these reasons the Jews hated the Samaritan people and never went through Samaria if they could avoid it.
Was it very likely that a Jewish man would speak to a Samaritan woman? Unlikely Likely
Would a Jew be likely to ask for a drink from a Samaritan?
Under normal circumstances, when a Jew met a Samaritan (and a woman at that) both would have hurried to get out of each other’s way. Read John 4:7-8.
What did Jesus do?
What did He tell His disciples to do?
When Jesus did these things was He:
Going against Jewish tradition?
Following Jewish tradition?
Why was the Samaritan woman surprised at Jesus’ request for something to drink? (see verse 9)
It was Jesus who made the first move in this story. He broke the barriers of tradition and hatred by speaking to the woman. Jesus had a very important reason for His action. Read John 4:39. What was the final result of Jesus conversation with the Samaritan woman? Manyin Him.
There are sometimes when we meet people who want to talk about spiritual things just like Nicodemus did. It is easy to share with these people just like us.
However, there are also times when we must take the first step to breakdown the barriers of racial prejudice and suspicion by going to others and telling them about our new life in Jesus Christ.
Let’s take a minute and think about this in another way.
Think about some ways this truth can be applied to your life situations. Here is some starter thoughts:
“All men need the Gospel”
“Lord, I want to be able to speak to this person about Jesus while we still have time.”
What was the thing which they were talking about? Jesus mentions it in verse 10.
Because the Samaritan woman didn’t understand what Jesus meant, it was once again necessary for Him to explain what He had said.
Living Water simply means Running Water (e.g. A bubbling spring (John 4:14) or a swiftly flowing stream (John 7:38)).
Read John 4:10 carefully. Were does the Living Water Jesus spoke about come from? Jesus gives us the answer in John 4:10 when He says it is the Gift of . If you remember, this was also true of the new birth.
Read John 7:39. This verse tells us that the Living Water Jesus talked about is nothing less than a SYMBOL of the
John 4:14 and John 7:38-39 teach us two different, but equally important, things about the results of having the Holy Spirit indwell us.
Which of these two verses from John’s Gospel teaches us that the Holy Spirit will continually keep the spiritual life of the believer fresh, just like a bubbling spring within his own heart?
Which is the outgoing result of the indwelling Spirit: the believer will be used to quench the thirst of the others?
Both the new birth and the living water are gifts from God. The real question then is how do we receive them? Read John 7:38 carefully.
According to John 7:38, what is required for us to receive the living water?
Read John 4:16-18 carefully. Which of Jesus’ two natures can we see shown in these verses?
Which nature is seen in John 4:6?
Now you may not be entirely clear about the right answer to the question about John 4:16-18. Let’s think about this one a little more. Jesus knew that the woman had a very unusual past, even though He had not been told this. One of the attributes of God is Omniscience (He knows everything). When Jesus showed that He knew all about the Samaritan woman’s private life without having to be told, He showed His omniscience.
With this attribute be shown; the Samaritan woman understood that Jesus was no ordinary person. Her first reaction was to call Him a prophet (verse 19). However, after reading verse 29 we can see that the Samaritan woman finally came to believe that Jesus was the Christ (the Messiah) because:
Read verses 25 and 26 of John, chapter 4. What does Jesus say here which shows that the Samaritan woman was right about Jesus’ identity?
Read John 4:19-26. Which person of the Trinity is Jesus talking about in John 4:21?
When the woman realized that Jesus knew all about her deepest secrets, she tried to change the subject of their conversation. They had been talking about living water, but now the woman brought up a subject which was a point of fighting between the Jews and the Samaritans. She asked Jesus which was the right place to worship God, in Jerusalem where the Jews had their temple, or in her home province of Samaria. What was Jesus’ answer in verse 21?
Of course, we all know the answer to this! Or do we? God is not limited to anyone place, but is present in every place and so He can be worshipped EVERYWHERE at the same time.
We discovered this truth earlier when we learned that God is omnipresent.
In John 4:24, Jesus explains this basic truth about God, the Father, by telling the Samaritan woman that God is Spirit. Those who worship Him must do so in and in .
Beside Jesus’ divine nature, we can see His human nature in John 4 because Jesus was andafter traveling.
Some time ago Denalyn [my wife] was gone for a couple of days and left me alone with the girls. Though the time was not without the typical children’s quarrels and occasional misbehavior, it went fine.
“How were the girls?” Denalyn asked when she got home. “Good. No problem at all.”
Jenna overheard my response. “We weren’t good, Daddy,” she objected. “We fought once, we didn’t do what you said once. We weren’t good. How can you say we were good?”
Jenna and I had different perceptions of what pleases a father. She thought it depended upon what she did. It didn’t. We think the same about God. We think his love rises and falls with our performance. It doesn’t. I don’t love Jenna for what she does. I love her for whose she is. She is mine.
God loves you for the same reason. He loves you for whose you are, you are his child. It was this love that pursued the Israelites. It was this love that sent the prophets. It was this love which wrapped itself in human flesh and descended the birth canal of Mary. It was this love which walked the hard trails of Galilee and spoke to the hearts of the religious.
“This is not normal, Lord GOD,” David exclaimed as he considered God’s love. You are right, David. God’s love is not normal love. It’s not normal to love a murderer and adulterer, but God did when he loved David. It isn’t normal to love to love a man who takes his eyes off you, but such was God’s love for Solomon. It isn’t normal to love people who love stone idols more than they love you, but God did when he refused to give up on Israel.
(From And the Angels Were Silent by Max Lucado)
Be careful to chose counselors who can listen as well as advise. Do you wonder if God really cares? Do you feel like he has left you to face your problems alone? Trust God to work in your life day by day. Let God be your source of security.
The Spirit and the Word in the Nazareth Sermon
After completing this unit you should be able to:
Describe the four qualities of the spirit-filled ministry using the sermon Jesus preached at the Synagogue in Nazareth.
Give two pieces of evidence from the beginning of the year of preparation and the sermon of Nazareth that show how Jesus carried out His ministry.
Complete your Chart of Promises.
Tell two results of despising our Spiritual Blessings and give an example from the Bible of these results.
Tell where the first recorded sermon of Jesus is found in the Bible and what prophecy was fulfilled at this time.
We have come to the end of the Year of Preparation. It ends in the same way that it started with Jesus being strengthened by the Spirit and the Word of God. The last episode of the Year of Preparation is found in Luke.
At the beginning of the Year of Preparation, Jesus left His work as a , in the village of , in the Province of and went south to the River , to join in the Provinces of and Perea.
Jesus’ move to His new home in Capernaum marks the third bridge. (Matthew 4:12-13).
Now, to finish our study of the Year of Preparation we are going to see how Luke describes in detail the reason for Jesus’ move from Nazareth to Capernaum.
The sermon found in Luke 4:16-30 is the first sermon of Jesus to be recorded in the Gospels. Where did Jesus preach this sermon? In the in.
Let’s practice the technique of observation.
Read Luke 4:17-19 carefully. You may want to make notes on a piece of paper to help you remember the important points.
Which of the spiritual weapons did Jesus use in verse 17?
Which spiritual weapons does He claim to be His in verse 18?
Remember that the Jews in Jesus’ time only had the Old Testament part of our Bible. From which book of the Old Testament did Jesus read in the Synagogue of Nazareth?
Note that the margin of these verses is indented and that they are written in poetic form. Using the Cross-References in your Bible, find the Old Testament reference for this prophecy?
Read Luke 4:18. According to this prophecy in Isaiah, the Messiah was to be anointed with the and not with oil as the Kings of Israel were.
Exercise: Don’t forget to underline this prophecy (Isaiah 61:1-2) in red, and mark “F” in the Margin of Luke 4:18-19.
The effect of Jesus’ speaking the Word of God in the power of the Holy Spirit was remarkable. Read Luke 4:22.
What kind of words did Jesus speak?
How did the people react?
It is important for all of us to minister in the same way as Jesus. We have already seen that we have been given the same two spiritual weapons that He had. Here in this prophecy from Isaiah, we have a good picture of the Spirit filled ministry.
Four specific things are mentioned in the prophecy. The passage in Luke gives us the answer but read both references in Isaiah and in Luke:
Preach good news (the gospel) to
Proclaim freedom to the
Recovery of sight for the
We have seen that the Kingdom of God has to do with both the physical and the spiritual needs of men. What kind of poverty do you think Jesus is talking about in this passage? Is it only material poverty or is it also spiritual poverty?
When Jesus talked about giving the blind back their sight do you think He was speaking about actual Physical blindness or about spiritual blindness?
What kind of captives are given their freedom in the kingdom of God? Those who are bound by their own
Spend some time in prayer, confessing your failures and sins to the Lord. Then ask God to fill you with his Holy Spirit in all of his fullness so that your ministry might be carried on in a way which will give honor to Jesus Christ.
Once there was an old man who lived in a tiny village….
The old man had a son, an only son. The young man began to break the wild horses. After a few days, he fell from one of the horses and broke both legs. Once again the villagers gathered around the old man and cast their judgments.
“You were right,” they said. “You proved you were right. The dozen horses were not a blessing. They were a curse. Your only son has broken his legs, and now in your old age you have no one to help you. Now you are poorer than ever.
The old man spoke again. “You people are obsessed with judging. Don’t go so far. Say only that my son broke his legs. Who knows if it is a blessing or a curse? No one knows. We only have a fragment. Life comes in fragments.
It so happened that a few weeks later the country engaged in war against a neighboring country. All the young men of the village were required to join the army. Only the son of the old man was excluded, because he was injured. Once again the people gathered around the old man, crying and screaming because their sons had been taken. There was little chance that they would return. The enemy was strong, and the war would be a losing struggle. They would never see their sons again.
“You were right, old man,” they wept. “God knows you were right. This proves it. Your son’s accident was a blessing. His legs may be broken, but at least he is with you. Our sons are gone forever.”
The old man spoke again. “It is impossible to talk with you. You always draw conclusions. No one knows. Say only this. Your sons had to go to war, and mine did not. No one knows if it is a blessing or a curse. No one is wise enough to know. Only God knows.”
(From In the Eye of the Storm by Max Lucado)
No one can claim complete understanding of God’s ways. When someone else suffers, ask God for wisdom to be an instrument of healing. Remember that no matter what you feel, God is good.
BIO:William Graham Scroggie
William Graham Scroggie was born at Great Malvern, England,
of Scottish parents. Being one of nine children in a home
without normal educational advantages, he grew up among the
brethren, and later, after a few years in business, entered
Spurgeon’s College in London at the age of 19 to train for
the Baptist ministry.
Turned out of his first two churches in London and
Yorkshire because of his opposition to modernism and
worldliness, he set himself to the study of the Bible. And,
in the next two difficult years, when he had to live with
little to support him, he laid the foundation of all his sub-
sequent work. After pastorates in England, Scotland, New Zea-
land, Australia, Tasmania, the United States, and Canada, he
became pastor of Spurgeon’s Metropolitan Tabernacle, London,
during World War II.
His home was bombed on three occasions, and his his-
toric church building destroyed during an air raid.
Increasing ill health forced him to retire in 1944.
He devoted his remaining years to completing his literary
work, The Unfolding Drama of Redemption. He died on December