2-2-1-Year of Popularity
Explain the meaning of the term “Analysis” and demonstrate an understanding of the technique of analysis in Bible study by completing an analysis of the year of Popularity.
Tell the importance of Jesus’ ministry in Galilee during the year of popularity as a fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy and take part in a discussion of the application of Jesus plan for ministry to the ministry of the local church.
Analyze the sermon on the mount by identifying the structure of its main divisions and giving each division an appropriate title.
Explain the difference between a Bible translation and a paraphrase as it is stated in the test and discuss the value of each.
Take part in a discussion of the beatitudes and Jesus’ teaching about salt and light in Matthew 5:1-16 and their importance for the believer’s life and ministry.
Today we are going to look at a new technique of Bible study, the technique of analysis. Analysis is the process of dividing some thing into it’s parts.
Although we have not used this name before, we have been using the technique of analysis from the very beginning. In this semester we are going to be studying the Year of Popularity, it is important to begin our study with an analysis of this step in Christ’s life, so we will analyze it together.
The year of popularity is divided into six parts. We are going to study the parts one by one so we will be able to identify the theme in each one.
Part one: Matthew (4)
Read Matthew 4:22
In which province of Palestine did Jesus begin His ministry in the year of popularity
Now read verse 23. Beginning of the Ministry in Galilee is the best theme for Matthew 4:12-25.
In spite of the fact that almost all of Jesus’ preaching during the Year of Popularity was done inside Galilee. He was so successful that His fame spread outside the province of Galilee as well. Five places outside the province of Galilee are mentioned in Matthew 4:24-25. What are they? Be Careful! Don’t include Galilee in your answers. You may use your Bible. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
“Expansion of the Kingdom” is the title and “beginning of the ministry in Galilee.”
The difference between a “Theme” and a “Title” is an important one. A “theme” states in a simple way the main idea of a passage from the Bible. On the other hand, a “Title” gives both the passage and the theme a name. As you study the Year of Popularity, you will soon see how practical it is to have appropriate “Titles” written in your Bible.
Part Two: Matthew 5-7
The theme is “The Sermon on the Mount.”
Read Matthew 7:28, 29.
“The Statutes of the Kingdom” is the title for Matthew 5-7.
Part Three: Mathew 8 and 9
Read over chapters 8 and 9 very quickly in order to get an idea of the main episodes in this part of the year of Popularity. As you read over these two chapters quickly, look for the thing which is the same in each episode. What is the theme you have selected:
That’s right! Matthew groups many miracles together in chapters eight and nine. They have been placed together in order to show the love of Jesus and the true nature of His kingdom. “Evidences of the Kingdom” is the title of Chapters 8 and 9.
Part Four: Matthew 10
Read Matthew 10:1
What is the theme of Matthew 10?
Look at (Matthew 10:1-7) again.
How many apostles did Jesus choose at this time?
According to Matthew 10:7, these apostles had a very special mission in the kingdom. What was this mission to be
A person who is appointed to represent the United States in another country and to act as a spokesman is called an Ambassador. “Ambassadors of the Kingdom” is the title.
The Kingdom, Jesus preached about was being extended everywhere, especially through the ministry of the twelve apostles. Unfortunately the enemies of Jesus were also multiplying.
Part Five: Matthew 11 and 12
Read Matthew 11:2, 3
Where was John the Baptist at this time?
During what year of Jesus’ ministry did this episode take place?
After Jesus sent out His apostles to preach about the Kingdom of God. He continued His own ministry in Galilee. While Jesus was preaching and teaching there, He received some messengers from John the Baptist.
According to verse 2, who brought John’s message?
Were these Jesus’ disciples or John’s?
Why was John, the one who baptized Jesus and saw the Spirit come upon Him, now questioning who Jesus was?
The opposition to the Kingdom of God had begun to show itself. John was in prison because of the message he preached. Who was the enemy of the Kingdom who put John in prison?
Now read Matthew 11:20
What was the attitude of the people in the cities where Jesus was preaching?
Read Matthew 12:14 and 12:28.
Who were the enemies who wanted to destroy Jesus?
According to Matthew 12:28, Jesus actually began to fight against which of His enemies?
In the light of this information, the best theme for Matthew 11 and 12?
Matthew tells about the imprisonment of John the Baptist, the unbelief of the cities, the decision of the Pharisees to kill Jesus, and Jesus’ conflict with demons, all in chapters 11 and 12.
“Enemies of the Kingdom,” is the best title.
Part Six: Matthew 13.
Read over the chapter titles at the top of he pages where chapter 13 of Matthew’s Gospel is found. You should be able to identify the theme of this sixth part very easily. What is the theme of Matthew 13?
“Examples of the Kingdom” is the title.
Very Good! This completes our analysis of the year of popularity. In order to help us remember these parts of Jesus’ ministry, I want you to do the following practical work. It will only take a few extra minutes, but it will be a help later on in the study.
Write at the top of a blank page of paper the titles for Matthew 4″12-25. Since some parts of our analysis take up more than one chapter, You may have to write each title more than one time.
Write the best title for each of the parts of our analysis of the year of popularity along with the parts chapters/verses. Write the titles on each page in your Bible, go back and underline them in green.
In August of 1930, forty-five-year-old Joseph Crater waved good-bye to friends after an evening meal in a New York restaurant, flagged down a taxi, and rode off. He was never seen or heard from again….
A search of his apartment revealed one clue. It was a note attached to a check, and both were left for his wife. The check was for a sizable amount and the note simply read, “I am very weary. Love, Joe.”
The note could have been nothing more than a thought at the end of a hard day. Or it could have meant a great deal more – the epitaph of a despairing man.
Weariness is tough. I don’t mean the physical weariness that comes with mowing the lawn, or the mental weariness that follows a hard day of decisions and thinking. No, the weariness that attacked Judge Crater is much worse. It’s the weariness that comes just before you give up. That feeling of honest desperation. It’s the dispirited father, the abandoned child, or the retiree with time on his hands. It’s that stage in life when motivation disappears; the children grow up, a job is lost, a wife dies. The result is weariness – deep, lonely, frustrated weariness.
Only one man in history has claimed to have an answer for it. He stands before all the Joseph Craters of the world with the same promise: “Come to me, all you who are weary … and I will give you rest” (Matt. 11:29).
(From On the Anvil by Max Lucado)
Godly people can place their confidence in God because he listens to them and puts joy in their hearts. Ask God for a new sense of joy and love. When tension mounts, pause to thank God for his love.
The Expansion of the Kingdom
Galilee was a very small province. It measured just 60 miles long and 30 miles wide – about the size of an average county in the United States. However, because it was a fertile area, the province was quite densely populated. There were many villages and large towns in Galilee, especially along the international highways which cut across the province. The hub of all the activity was the valley on the east side of the province where the lake was to be found. The shores of the Sea of Galilee were dotted with towns and villages. On the same shores were fields filled with abundant harvests of grain and fruit. As you might expect, fishing was a major occupation of those living along the lake. The province was filled with the activity of teeming humanity (Condensed from: “The Life of Jesus Christ” by James Stalker)
Read Matthew 4:12-25. As you read it, count the number of times the word “Galilee” is found: times.
What message did Jesus preach throughout Galilee? (Matthew 4:17)
Jesus made a special point of preaching in what special place throughout Galilee (Matthew 4:23)
John the Baptist had also preached the same message during the Year of Preparation. But, where was John at the beginning of Jesus’ ministry in Galilee? (Matthew 4:12)
What means of contact would Jesus have with the outside world?
How large was Galilee? Length: miles, Width: miles.
Describe the population of Galilee: Dense, Sparse
What were the three main products from the province of Galilee? .
After you have read Matthew 4:23, What was the main methods which Jesus used in his ministry in Galilee?
Matthew 4:23 and 9:35 are almost the same because both of them make mention of the two methods Jesus used in His ministry in Galilee. What are these two methods?and.
Draw a box around each of the two twin verses in your Bible. Underline the word “kingdom” in Matthew 4:23 and 9:35 in red.
According to Matthew 4:18-19, what was the first thing that Jesus did after He began His ministry in Galilee?
Why did these four fisherman, leave their boats to follow Jesus?
Name the four fishermen who joined Jesus at this time. Their names are found in Matthew 4:18-21:.
This was not the first time that Jesus had ever seen these men. Where had Jesus known them before?
In what year of Jesus’ ministry was this?
What great change took place in these disciples ministry at the beginning of the Year of Popularity (Read Matthew 4:22)
Read Matthew 4:14. Who predicted that the Messiah would have a ministry in Galilee?
What was the symbol that this prophet used to describe the ministry in Galilee? Read Matthew 4:16.
Look up the passage in Isaiah and read Isaiah’s prediction in the Old Testament (Isaiah 9:1-2).
In order to see the reasons why Isaiah spoke about Zebulon and Naphtali we must begin our study with Abraham himself. Abraham and his grandson Israel (Jacob) were the fathers of the Jewish people.
Israel had Twelve Sons. The Twelve Tribes of Israel which possessed the land God had promised long before to Abraham’s descendants (the land of Palestine) were made up of the descendents of the Twelve Sons of the grandson of .
Now look back at Matthew 2:5, 6. The Sanhedrin told King Herod that the Messiah would be born in Bethlehem “in Judea”, because Micah’s prophecy said the place would be “Bethlehem, in the land of Judea”. The province of Judea was named after which one of the twelve sons of Israel?
Jesus strategy for reaching all of Galilee included the following things:
A center of operations.
The use of disciples.
Two specific tools.
How can the Strategy which Jesus used be applied to evangelization and church planting today. Especially among your own people?
As the years passed, the territory which had belong to the two tribes of Zebulon and Naphtali, descendents of the Sons of , became the Roman province of .
Read Matthew 4:24-25. Syria was a part of the Assyrian Empire.
The light of the Messiah shown in every corner of Galilee.
The light of the Messiah shown in Galilee of the Gentiles and even spilled over into the land which had once belonged to the Assyrian Empire.
Even the proud capital city of Jerusalem where Isaiah had prophesied received the light of the Messiah from Galilee.
Jesus developed His ministry within Galilee. In the space below explain the importance of this in your own words.
The Bible is a Christian’s guidebook, and I believe the knowledge it shed on pain and suffering is the great antidote to fea r for suffering people….
When I suffer pain over any length of time I try to reflect on the good which the Bible has promised pain is producing in me….
“How does suffering accomplish this?” I ask myself. It produces perseverance, or steadiness, by slowing me down, by forcing me to turn to God, by proving to me that I can survive a crisis….
The Bible is filled with resources available to one trying to stave off fears and helplessness. Reading Job’s thrashings in fear about God’s seeming lack of concern can make mine easier to bear…. And knowledge about prayer to a loving God can ward off frenzied efforts to “muster up faith” in hopes of impressing God – prayer does not work that way, as the Bible shows. God is already full of loving concern; we do not need to impress Him with spiritual calisthenics….
Attitudes of fear and helplessness affect the quantity of suffering. At least we have the inspiring examples of those who have proved that the human spirit can ascend through the words of circumstances. And because man is both body and spirit, Christianity can offer a true and healing hope.
(From Where Is God When It Hurts by Philip Yancey)
God is never deaf to his children’s cries for help. Whenever you face a trial, pray for God’s help. Pray that God will be glorified in the situation. And thank him for the care he shows.
Purpose: To discover our responsibility for the “preventive maintenance” of our physical bodies.
We do not usually appreciate our physical health until we lose it. It may only be the aches, nausea, and general malaise of the flue which causes us to stop and think about how wonderful physical health is. Or it may be a chronic, debilitating condition which permanently alters our lives, and causes us to forget what physical wholeness ever felt like. What ever our current condition, it’s important for us to be attentive to our physical health and well-being.
We also tend to forget that there is a connection between our physical and our spiritual health. Apart from anything else, when we are ill, we cannot be involved in ministry in the same way as when we are healthy. Furthermore, our emotions are often out of kilter then, and our minds don’t work as well as they normally do. Have you ever tried to pray when you have a fever? God has given us wonderful bodies with amazing capabilities. Part of our spiritual responsibility is to keep them in good condition.
Jesus understood the importance of physical health. Not only did he heal many who were sick and debilitated, but he also understood the importance of taking care of a healthy body. jesus practiced a little holistic medicine in the following passage. We don’t know the whole story here, but it appears that the patient was more than just physically crippled.
Read John 5:1-9.
Jesus encountered a man who was crippled for 38 years. The healing Jesus brings to this man includes more than restoring his ability to walk.
We don’t know why this man was paralyzed for 38 years. But we do know that Jesus addressed more than just his physical needs. After being ill for this extended period of time, the man must have developed other problems as well.
This is also a story of expectations. The man did not know about Jesus or his reputation as a healer. He hoped that Jesus would help him into the pool when the angels came to stir the waters.
Write a statement describing how you feel about physical fitness?
How did the crippled man respond to Jesus?
What connection have you noticed between your physical and spiritual health?
Have you ever become physically sick over problems you refused to deal with? What happened?
If Jesus passed by your “pool” today, what would he say and do?
Read Psalms 38:1-8
Psalms were poems that were often used in worship in ancient times. They had different moods – some were full of praise for God, some were appeals to God for strength or healing. Jesus desire is to heal us as he encourages us to take care of ourselves.
How would you compare the way your body feels right now to the description of the psalmist in the Scripture?
Why do you think the psalmist saw a connection between physical health and spiritual health?
Describe how you think about your physical health?
If your body could put in a prayer request for you today what would your body say? Finish this sentence: “My body would say…”
Close with a short time of prayer, concerning above.
BIO:William Reed Newell
American Bible teacher and pastor. Born May 22, 1868, William
Reed Newell attended Wooster (Ohio) College, graduating in
1891. After studies at Princeton and Oberlin Seminaries, he
pastored the Bethesda Congregational Church in Chicago until
1895, when Moody invited him to become the assistant superin-
tendent of Moody Bible Institute under R.A. Torrey. In this
position Newell demonstrated his extraordinary gift of Bible
exposition. Great audiences in Chicago, St. Louis and Toronto
flocked to hear his city-wide Bible classes, leading to the
publication of his widely-known commentaries, especially Ro-
mans Verse-by-Verse, Hebrews Verse-by-Verse, and The Book of
During this period, Newell wrote the beloved Gospel
hymn At Calvary. He was called into the presence of the One
he gladly owned as his King on April 1, 1956. Few men have
had a clearer grasp of the magnitude of God’s grace in Christ
or have been able to convey it with such lasting results.