Hospitality. We will use Biblical and contemporary examples to examine some principles of hospitality. We will also examine ways in which to be a good guest
Decision to become a child of God.
You have made the decision to become a Child of God, and join the Kingdom of God!
“For Jesus nothing is more precious than the Kingdom of God, i.e., the healing and renewing power and presence of God on our behalf. ‘Seek out his kingship over you, and the rest will follow in turn’ (Luke 12:31). Like a person who finds a hidden treasure in a field or a merchant who discovers a precious pearl, everyone must be prepared to give up everything else in order to possess the Kingdom (Matthew 13:44-46). But it is promised only to those with a certain outlook and way of life (see the Beatitudes in Matthew 5:3-12). One can inherit the Kingdom through love of one’s neighbor (Matthew 5:38-48), and yet one must also accept it as a child (Mark 10:15). Jesus assured the Scribe who grasped the meaning of the chief of the commandments (love of God and love of neighbor); You are not far from the reign of God (12:34). He also insisted to his disciples that their commitment to the Kingdom would make strong demands upon them (Mark 10:1; Luke 9:57-62; Matthew 19:12)” (Catholicism – Richard P. McBrien).
Have you ever specifically verbalized God’s reality, presence, or love to someone? What happened?
“I would know myself, I would know you (God).” Augustine wrote these words in one of his earliest works, and they pertain to us also here and now. If we come to know our proper relationship to life, we also need to come to know more about our Father in Heaven, and the other side holds true also. There are many parallels. What is the Good News of God? Jesus came to break the power of sin and begin God’s personal reign on earth (freedom, justice, and hope). You want to get down to business!
(Mark 1:15)”This is the time of fulfillment. The reign of God is at hand, reform your lives and believe in the gospel.”
2 Samuel Book Overview
|1375 b.c. (1220 b.c.)||Judges begin to rule
|1050 (1045)||Saul becomes king
|1010||Saul dies; David is king over Judah
|1003||David becomes king over all Israel
|997(?)||David and Bathsheba sin|
|970||David dies; Solomon made king
|930||The kingdom is divided|
|Purposes:||(1) to record the history of David’s reign;
(2) to demonstrate effective leadership under God;
(3) to reveal that one person can make a difference;
(4) to show the personal qualities that please God;
(5) to depict David as an ideal leader of an imperfect kingdom, and to foreshadow Christ, who will be the ideal leader of a new and perfect kingdom (chapter 7)
|Author:||Unknown. Some have suggested that Nathan’s son Zabud may have been the author (1 Kings 4:5). The book also includes the writings of Nathan and Gad (1 Chronicles 29:29).|
|Date Written:||930 b.c.; written soon after David’s reign, 1050-970 b.c.|
|Setting:||The land of Israel under David’s rule|
|Key Verse:||“And David realized that the Lord had made him king over Israel and had made his kingdom great for the sake of his people Israel” (5:12).|
|Key People:||David, Joab, Bathsheba, Nathan, Absalom|
|Special Features:||This book was named after the prophet who anointed David and guided him in living for God.|
The child enters the room with long gown flowing, trailing well behind her high-heeled shoes. The wide-brimmed hat rests precariously atop her head, tilted to the right, and the long necklace swings like a pendulum as she walks. Following close is the “man.” His fingernails peek out of the coat sleeves that are already pushed upward six inches. With feet shuffling in the double-sized boots, his unsteady steps belie his confident smile. Children at play, dressing up—they copy Mom and Dad, having watched them dress and walk. Models … everyone has them … people we emulate, people who are our ideals. Unconsciously, perhaps, we copy their actions and adopt their ideas.
In the first ten chapters of Second Samuel he can do no wrong. He is never defeated in battle. Never wrong in judgment. He begins his reign in prayer and continues in faith. Enemies are subdued, the nation is unified, the capital secured, and the boundary extends from six thousand to sixty thousand square miles.
But that is the first ten chapters.
Chapter eleven is a hinge on which hangs the cellar door. David opens it and down he falls. By the time he lands on the cellar floor, he is bruised, confused, and staring into the darkness.
You know what happened. On a lazy afternoon his wandering eyes found a forbidden maiden. Testoserone surged and evil urged so he summoned her, slept with her, and then sent her home.
A rendezvous. So fast. So impulsive. So passionate. So pregnant.
Rather than (repent-turn away from evil), he connives and lies and leaves a soldier dead and a widow weeping and all of us wondering: Is this the same David? Is this the shepherd? Is this the man after God’s own heart?
With time, confession comes comes and forgiveness is given, but the scars remain. Nathan’s prophecy proves true: the sword never departed from David’s house. Bloodshed stained his home from then on.
Some of the final words written about David are some of the saddest, “King David was very old, and although his servants covered him with blankets,,he could not keep warm” !1 Kings 1:1).
Mark it down. Compromise chills the soul.
If only David hadn’t opened that cellar door.
Among all the godly role models mentioned in the Bible, there is probably no one who stands out more than King David. Born halfway between Abraham and Jesus, he became God’s leader for all of Israel and the ancestor of the Messiah. David was “a man after [God’s] own heart” (1 Samuel 13:14). What are the personal qualities that David possessed that pleased God?
The book of 2 Samuel tells David’s story. As you read, you will be filled with excitement as he is crowned king over Judah and then king over all of Israel (5:1-5), praising God as he brings the Ark of the Covenant back to the Tabernacle (6:1-23) and exulting as he leads his armies to victory over all their enemies and completes the conquest of the Promised Land begun by Joshua (8–10). David was a man who accomplished much.
But David was human, and there were those dark times when he stumbled and fell into sin. The record of lust, adultery, and murder is not easy to read (11–13) and reveals that even great people who try to follow God are susceptible to temptation and sin.
Godliness does not guarantee an easy and carefree life. David had family problems—his own son incited the entire nation to rebellion and crowned himself king (14:1–18:33). And greatness can cause pride, as we see in David’s sinful act of taking a census in order to glory in the strength of his nation (24:1-25). But the story of this fallen hero does not end in tragedy. Through repentance, his fellowship and peace with God were restored, but he had to face the consequences of the sins he committed (12–20). These consequences stayed with him the rest of his life as a reminder of his sinful deeds and his need for God.
As you read 2 Samuel, look for David’s godlike characteristics—his faithfulness, patience, courage, generosity, commitment, honesty—as well as other God-honoring characteristics, such as modesty and penitence. Valuable lessons can be learned from his sins and from his repentance. You, like David, can become a person after God’s own heart.
|A. David’s Successes (1:1–10:19)
1. David becomes king over Judah
2. David becomes king over Israel
3. David conquers the surrounding nations
|David took the fractured kingdom that Saul had left behind and built a strong, united power. Forty years later, David would turn this kingdom over to his son Solomon. David had a heart for God. He was a king who governed God’s people by God’s principles, and God blessed him greatly. We may not have David’s earthly success, but following God is, ultimately, the most successful decision we can make.|
|B. David’s Struggles (11:1–24:25)
1. David and Bathsheba
2. Turmoil in David’s family
3. National rebellion against David
4. The later years of David’s rule
|David sinned with Bathsheba and then tried to cover his sin by having her husband killed. Although he was forgiven for his sin, the consequences remained—he experienced trouble and distress, both with his family and with the nation. God is always ready to forgive, but we must live with the consequences of our actions. Covering up our sin will only multiply sin’s painful consequences.|
|Kingdom Growth||Under David’s leadership, Israel’s kingdom grew rapidly. With the growth came many changes: from tribal independence to centralized government, from the leadership of judges to a monarchy, from decentralized worship to worship at Jerusalem.||No matter how much growth or how many changes we experience, God provides for us if we love him and highly regard his principles. God’s work done in God’s way never lacks God’s supply of wisdom and energy.|
|Personal Greatness||David’s popularity and influence increased greatly. He realized that the Lord was behind his success because he wanted to pour out his kindness on Israel. David regarded God’s interests as more important than his own.||God graciously pours out his favor on us because of what Christ has done. God does not regard personal greatness as something to be used selfishly, but as an instrument to carry out his work among his people. The greatness we should desire is to love others as God loves us.|
|Justice||King David showed justice, mercy, and fairness to Saul’s family, enemies, rebels, allies, and close friends alike. His just rule was grounded in his faith in and knowledge of God. God’s perfect moral nature is the standard for justice.||Although David was the most just of all Israel’s kings, he was still imperfect. His use of justice offered hope for a heavenly, ideal kingdom. This hope will never be satisfied in the heart of man until Christ, the Son of David, comes to rule in perfect justice forever.|
|Consequences of Sin||David abandoned his purpose as leader and king in time of war. His desire for prosperity and ease led him from triumph to trouble. Because David committed adultery with Bathsheba, he experienced consequences of his sin that destroyed both his family and the nation.||Temptation quite often comes when a person’s life is aimless. We sometimes think that sinful pleasures and freedom from God’s restraint will bring us a feeling of vitality; but sin creates a cycle of suffering that is not worth the fleeting pleasures it offers.|
|Feet of Clay||David not only sinned with Bathsheba, he murdered an innocent man. He neglected to discipline his sons when they got involved in rape and murder. This great hero showed a lack of character in some of his most important personal decisions. The man of iron had feet of clay.||Sin should never be considered as a mere weakness or flaw. Sin is fatal and must be eradicated from our lives. David’s life teaches us to have compassion for all people, including those whose sinful nature leads them into sinful acts. It serves as a warning to us not to excuse sin in our own lives, even in times of success.|
|Characters in the Drama|
|It can be confusing to keep track of all the characters introduced in the first few chapters of 2 Samuel. Here is some help.|
|Joab||Son of Zeruiah, David’s half sister||One of David’s military leaders and, later, commander in chief||David’s|
|Abner||Saul’s cousin||Saul’s commander in chief||Saul and Ishbosheth’s, but made overtures to David|
|Abishai||Joab’s brother||High officer in David’s army—chief of “the Three”||Joab and David’s|
|Asahel||Joab and Abishai’s brother||High officer—one of David’s 30 select warriors (“mighty men”)||Joab and David’s|
|Ishbosheth||Saul’s son||Saul and Abner’s selection king||Saul’s|
Key Places in 2 Samuel
1 Hebron After Saul’s death, David moved from the Philistine city of Ziklag to Hebron, where the tribe of Judah crowned him king. But the rest of Israel’s tribes backed Saul’s son Ishbosheth and crowned him king at Mahanaim. As a result, there was war between Judah and the rest of the tribes of Israel until Ishbosheth was assassinated. Then all of Israel pledged loyalty to David as their king (1:1–5:5).
2 Jerusalem One of David’s first battles as king occurred at the city of Zion (Jerusalem). David and his troops took the city by surprise, and it became his capital. It was here that David brought the Ark of the Covenant and made a special agreement with God (5:6–7:29).
3 Gath The Philistines were Israel’s constant enemy, though they did give David sanctuary when he was hiding from Saul (1 Samuel 27). But when Saul died and David became king, the Philistines planned to defeat him. In a battle near Jerusalem, David and his troops routed the Philistines (5:17-25), but they were not completely subdued until David conquered their largest city (8:1).
4 Moab During the time of the judges, Moab controlled many cities in Israel and demanded heavy taxes (Judges 3:12-30). David conquered Moab and, in turn, levied tribute from them (8:2).
5 Edom Though the Edomites and the Israelites traced their ancestry back to the same man, Isaac (Genesis 25:19-23), they were long-standing enemies. David defeated Edom and forced them to pay tribute also (8:14).
6 Rabbah The Ammonites insulted David’s delegation and turned a peacemaking mission into angry warfare. The Ammonites called troops from Aram, but David defeated this alliance first at Helam, then at Rabbah, the capital city (10:1–12:31).
7 Mahanaim David had victory in the field, but problems at home. His son Absalom incited a rebellion and crowned himself king at Hebron. David and his men fled to Mahanaim. Acting on bad advice, Absalom mobilized his army to fight David (13:1–17:29).
8 Forest of Ephraim The armies of Absalom and David fought in the Forest of Ephraim. Absalom’s hair got caught in a tree, and Joab, David’s general, found and killed him. With Absalom’s death the rebellion died, and David was welcomed back to Jerusalem (18:1–19:43).
9 Abel-beth-maacah A man named Sheba also incited a rebellion against David. He fled to Abel-beth-maacah, but Joab and a small troop besieged the city. The citizens of Abel-beth-maacah killed Sheba themselves (20:1-26). David’s victories laid the foundation for the peaceful reign of his son Solomon.
David had been on the run from Saul. Now that Saul has died, David is able to take his rightful place on the throne over all of Israel, but only after he emerges triumphant from a political power struggle. Surrounding nations, especially the Philistines , still pose the threat of war; however, Israel is militarily strong under David’s victorious reign.
Second Samuel continues the historical narrative of 1 Samuel, where David’s youth and troublesome exile were the focus. . Now in “volume two” David reigns as Saul’s successor and he must heal and unify the war-torn country. Chapters 1-10 narrate the prosperous reign of David. He is anointed king over Judah and then over all Israel. He also sustains victory after victory on the battlefield. David’s adultery wit Bathsheba however, marks a turning point in the book. Throughout the book, God forms the backdrop as the One who establishes David upon the throne of Israel and gives him victory.
- Wisdom for all People (10:1–24:34)
These short couplets are what we commonly recognize as proverbs. They cover a wide range of topics. The first section was written by Solomon. The next two sections were written by others but collected by Solomon. These sayings give people practical wisdom for godly living at every stage of life.
The Proverbs of Solomon
1 The proverbs of Solomon:
A wise child£ brings joy to a father; a foolish child brings grief to a mother.
2 Ill-gotten gain has no lasting value, but right living can save your life.
3 The Lord will not let the godly starve to death, but he refuses to satisfy the craving of the wicked.
4 Lazy people are soon poor; hard workers get rich.
5A wise youth works hard all summer; a youth who sleeps away the hour of opportunity brings shame.
6 The godly are showered with blessings; evil people cover up their harmful intentions.
7 We all have happy memories of the godly, but the name of a wicked person rots away.
8 The wise are glad to be instructed, but babbling fools fall flat on their faces.
9 People with integrity have firm footing, but those who follow crooked paths will slip and fall.
10 People who wink at wrong cause trouble, but a bold reproof promotes peace.
11 The words of the godly lead to life; evil people cover up their harmful intentions.
12 Hatred stirs up quarrels, but love covers all offenses.
13 Wise words come from the lips of people with understanding, but fools will be punished with a rod.
14 Wise people treasure knowledge, but the babbling of a fool invites trouble.
15 The wealth of the rich is their fortress; the poverty of the poor is their calamity.
16 The earnings of the godly enhance their lives, but evil people squander their money on sin.
17 People who accept correction are on the pathway to life, but those who ignore it will lead others astray.
18 To hide hatred is to be a liar; to slander is to be a fool.
19 Don’t talk too much, for it fosters sin. Be sensible and turn off the flow!
20 The words of the godly are like sterling silver; the heart of a fool is worthless.
21 The godly give good advice, but fools are destroyed by their lack of common sense.
22 The blessing of the Lord makes a person rich, and he adds no sorrow with it.
23 Doing wrong is fun for a fool, while wise conduct is a pleasure to the wise.
24 The fears of the wicked will all come true; so will the hopes of the godly.
25 Disaster strikes like a cyclone, whirling the wicked away, but the godly have a lasting foundation.
26Lazy people are a pain to their employer. They are like smoke in the eyes or vinegar that sets the teeth on edge.
27 Fear of the Lord lengthens one’s life, but the years of the wicked are cut short.
28 The hopes of the godly result in happiness, but the expectations of the wicked are all in vain.
29 The Lord protects the upright but destroys the wicked.
30 The godly will never be disturbed, but the wicked will be removed from the land.
31 The godly person gives wise advice, but the tongue that deceives will be cut off.
32 The godly speak words that are helpful, but the wicked speak only what is corrupt.
Some people bring unhappiness on themselves by choosing ill-gotten gain. For example, craving satisfaction, they may do something that destroys their chances of ever achieving happiness. God’s principles for right living bring lasting happiness, because they guide us into long-term right behavior in spite of our ever changing feelings.
Proverbs is full of verses contrasting the godly (righteous) person with the wicked. These statements are not intended to apply universally to all people in every situation. For example, some good people do go hungry. Rather, they are intended to communicate the general truth that the life of the person who seeks God is better in the long run than the life of the wicked person—a life that leads to ruin. These statements are not ironclad promises but general truths. In addition, a proverb like this assumes a just government that cares for the poor and needy—the kind of government Israel was intended to have (see Deuteronomy 24:17-22). A corrupt government often thwarts the plans of godly men and women.
Proverbs 10:4, 5
Every day has 24 hours filled with opportunities to grow, serve, and be productive. Yet it is so easy to waste time, letting life slip from our grasp. Refuse to be a lazy person, sleeping or frittering away the hours meant for productive work. See time as God’s gift, and seize your opportunities to live diligently for him.
By hating another person you may become a liar or a fool. If you try to conceal your hatred, you end up lying. If you slander the other person and are proven wrong, you are a fool. The only way out is to admit your hateful feelings to God. Ask him to change your heart, to help you love instead of hate.
Words from a good person are valuable (“sterling silver”). A lot of poor advice is worth less than a little good advice. It is easy to get opinions from people who will tell us only what they think will please us, but such advice is not helpful. Instead, we should look for those who will speak the truth, even when it hurts. Think about the people to whom you go for advice. What do you expect to hear from them?
God supplies most people with the personal and financial abilities to respond to the needs of others. If we all realized how God has blessed us, and if we all used our resources to do God’s will, hunger and poverty would be wiped out. Wealth is a blessing only if we use it in the way God intended.
The wicked person dreads death. Those who do not believe in God usually fear death, and with good reason. By contrast, believers desire eternal life and God’s salvation—their hopes will be rewarded. This verse offers a choice: You can have either your fears or your hopes come true. You make that choice by rejecting God and living your own way or by accepting God and following him.
Jesus came to be active and compassionate to the people around him. He exemplified tenderness when he healed the leper by touching him.