Target Teaching. We will start by looking at some fundamental basics: Learning, teaching, etc.
Loves all men.
God through Christ loves all men, and desires all men to join him in heaven; “to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth” (Ephesians 1:10). But he does demand obedience: (2 Chronicles 6:14). “You keep your covenant with your people and show them your love when they live in wholehearted obedience to you, Christ, the chosen one of God” (Luke 9;35), “God’s beloved Son” (Matthew 3:17), was chosen to be our perfect model and guide us to be God’s obedient Son or Daughter (Mark 10: 45), (Matthew 16:25).
God gave us the freedom to choose to be his Child when he created us as humans. How could we choose Him, if we did not have an alternative. No one forces us to choose the Family of God or the Family of Earth. But we must choose; or the Glory we would give to either family, would not be ours but our Creators. He wants our Glory, given from our whole committed heart, mind, and soul. you voluntarily give up your freedom, and select the enslaving power of Earth and the Glory of Man if you choose Earth’s family. If you choose God’s family, you choose freedom from the enslavement of earth’s standards, freedom of God’s Love and True Human fellowship as it was meant and created; and therefore the realization of our true purpose on Earth.
What does it mean for you to be part of this “Universal priesthood of all believers?” How do you feel about this role?
In order to fully understand our true purpose on earth, we must understand that we are created “in the image of God” (Genesis 1:26). One of the forms that this takes is; that humans are rational creations, with the ability to reason and to act in accordance with what is reasonable. But in addition to the earth based forms (e.g. rational ability) we have a spiritual form (a soul). This soul is what truly is of heaven, and “in the image of God.” One of the links we have between these forms, is our ability to make moral judgments; how our earthly qualities and abilities can be used to reach and satisfy spiritual goals and needs.
Since we are immature Children of God we must look at the first born, the model Jesus Christ, for a perfect picture of What a human and a Child of God (Son or Daughter) is and should be (Romans 5:15), 1 Corinthians 15:45). He is the man who is our model for all of us to be truly perfect “Sons and/or Daughters of God.” He is the “image of the invisible God” (Collossians 1;15), “the likeness of God” (2 Corinthians 4;4), “in the form of God” (Philippians 2:5). Christ showed us how we can blend our spiritual and earthly forms into the perfect man here on earth, and yet reach our ultimate goal, to be joined with our “Father in Heaven.”
1 Chronicles Book Overview
|1050 b.c. (1045 b.c.)||Saul becomes king
|1010||Saul dies; David becomes king over Judah
|1003||David becomes king over all Israel|
|1000||David captures Jerusalem|
|997(?)||David captures Rabbah
|970||Solomon becomes king
|930||The kingdom divides|
|Purpose:||To unify God’s people, to trace the Davidic line, and to teach that genuine worship ought to be the center of individual and national life|
|Author:||Ezra, according to Jewish tradition|
|To Whom Written:||All Israel|
|Date Written:||Approximately 430 b.c., recording events that occurred from about 1000-960 b.c.|
|Setting:||First Chronicles parallels 2 Samuel and serves as a commentary on it. Written after the Exile from a priestly point of view, 1 Chronicles emphasizes the religious history of Judah and Israel.|
|Key Verse:||“And David realized that the Lord had made him king over Israel and had made his kingdom very great for the sake of his people Israel” (14:2).|
|Key People:||David, Solomon|
|Key Places:||Hebron, Jerusalem, the Temple|
Ever been held up by a grandparent?
You naively ask how the gran kids are, and before you know it the purse opens and out pops a billfold thick with pictures.
“This is joey in the thirf grade holding his puppy named Snapper. And this is Joey in the fourth grade on his little league team where played second base. And this is Joey in the fifth grade. The kid behind him is his cousin Terry who is living with his dad. I’ve got some pictures of them I’ll show you in just a minute. But first let me show you joey in the seventh grade wearing his football uniform…”
Hard to stay interested hearing names of people you’ll never see who live in places you’ll never know.
Such is the case with the Book of First Chronicles. Full of names, many hard to pronounce. Full of places, most of which you’ll never see. The book won’t keep you on the edge of your seat. It wasn’t intended to. It will, however, provide us with a catalog of facts and names of people who matter to God.
Which reminds us of an encouraging truth: God keeps up with his children. He knows their names and keeps them in a book. What may be dry to us matters to him, because they are hisd kids. By the way, he’s working on a new volume. This one is entitled the Book of Life.
Is your name in it?
In the wide shade of the ageless oak, a mother watches her toddler discover acorns, leaves, and dandelions. Nearby, her mother, aunt, and uncle spread the checkerboard cloth over park tables and cover it with bowls and platters of fried chicken, potato salad, baked beans, and assorted family recipes. The clanging of Grandpa’s and Dad’s horseshoes against stakes regularly pierces the air and mixes with the cheers, laughs, and shouts of teenagers playing a game of touch football. A family reunion—a sunny afternoon filled with four generations of miscellaneous kids, parents, and second cousins once removed.
Reunions are important. They are times for touching and connecting with others from branches of the family tree, tracing one’s personal history back through time and culture, seeing physical reminders (her eyes, his nose), recalling warm traditions. Knowing one’s genetic and relational path gives a sense of identity, heritage, and destiny.
It is with this same high purpose that the writer of Chronicles begins his unifying work with an extensive genealogy. He traces the roots of the nation in a literary family reunion from Adam onward, recounting its royal line and the loving plan of a personal God. We read 1 Chronicles and gain a glimpse of God at work through his people for generations. If you are a believer, these people are your ancestors, too. As you approach this part of God’s Word, read their names with awe and respect, and gain new security and identity in your relationship with God.
The previous book, 2 Kings, ends with both Israel and Judah in captivity, surely a dark age for God’s people. Then follows Chronicles (1 and 2 Chronicles were originally one book). Written after the Captivity, it summarizes Israel’s history, emphasizing the Jewish people’s spiritual heritage in an attempt to unify the nation. The chronicler is selective in his history telling. Instead of writing an exhaustive work, he carefully weaves the narrative, highlighting spiritual lessons and teaching moral truths. In Chronicles the northern kingdom is virtually ignored, David’s triumphs—not his sins—are recalled, and the Temple is given great prominence as the vital center of national life.
First Chronicles begins with Adam, and for nine chapters, the writer gives us a “Who’s Who” of Israel’s history with special emphasis on David’s royal line. The rest of the book tells the story of David—the great man of God, Israel’s king—who served God and laid out the plans for the construction of and worship in the Temple.
First Chronicles is an invaluable supplement to 2 Samuel and a strong reminder of the necessity for tracing our roots and thus rediscovering our spiritual foundation. As you read 1 Chronicles, trace your own godly heritage, thank God for your spiritual forefathers, and recommit yourself to passing on God’s truth to the next generation.
|A. The Genealogies of Israel (1:1–9:44)
1. Ancestry of the nation
2. The tribes of Israel
3. Returnees from exile in Babylon
|The long list of names that follows presents a history of God’s work in the world from Adam through Zerubbabel. Some of these names remind us of stories of great faith, and others, of tragic failure. About most of the people named, however, we know nothing. But those who died unknown to us are known by God. God will also remember us when we die.|
|B. The Reign of David (10:1–29:30)
1. David becomes king over all of Israel
2. David brings the Ark to Jerusalem
3. David’s military exploits
4. David arranges for the building of the Temple
|David loved the Lord and wanted to build a Temple to replace the Tabernacle, but God denied his request. David’s greatest contribution to the Temple would not be the construction but the preparation. We may be unable to see the results of our labors for God in our lifetime, but David’s example helps us understand that we serve God so he will see his results, not so we will see ours.|
|Israel’s History||By retelling Israel’s history in the genealogies and the stories of the kings, the writer laid down the true spiritual foundation for the nation. God kept his promises, and we are reminded of them in the historical record of his people, leaders, prophets, priests, and kings.||Israel’s past formed a reliable basis for reconstructing the nation after the Exile. Because God’s promises are revealed in the Bible, we can know God and trust him to keep his word. Like Israel, we should have no higher goal in life than devoted service to God.|
|God’s People||By listing the names of people in Israel’s past, God established Israel’s true heritage. They were all one family in Adam, one nation in Abraham, one priesthood under Levi, and one kingdom under David. The national and spiritual unity of the people was important to the rebuilding of the nation.||God is always faithful to his people. He protects them in every generation and provides leaders to guide them. Because God has been at work throughout the centuries, his people can trust him to work in the present. You can rely on his presence today.|
|David, the King||The story of David’s life and his relationship with God showed that he was God’s appointed leader. David’s devotion to God, the law, the Temple, true worship, the people, and justice sets the standard for what God’s chosen king should be like.||Jesus Christ came to earth as a descendant of David. One day he will rule as King over all the earth. His strength and justice will fulfill God’s ideal for the king. He is our hope. We can experience God’s Kingdom now by giving Christ complete control of our lives.|
|True Worship||David brought the Ark of the Covenant to the Tabernacle at Jerusalem to restore true worship to the people. God gave the plans for building the Temple, and David organized the priests to make worship central to all Israel.||The Temple stood as the throne of God on earth, the place of true worship. God’s true throne is in the hearts of his people. When we acknowledge him as the true King over our lives, true worship takes place.|
|The Priests||God ordained the priests and Levites to guide the people in faithful worship according to his law. By leading the people in worship according to God’s design, the priests and Levites were an important safeguard to Israel’s faith.||For true worship to remain central in our lives, God’s people need to take a firm stand for the ways of God recorded in the Bible. Today, all believers are priests for one another, and we should encourage each other to faithful worship.|
Key Places in 1 Chronicles
The genealogies of 1 Chronicles present an overview of Israel’s history. The first nine chapters are filled with genealogies tracing the lineages of people from the Creation to the exile in Babylon. Saul’s death is recorded in chapter 10. Chapter 11 begins the history of David’s reign over Israel.
1 Hebron Although David had been anointed king years earlier, his reign began when the leaders of Israel accepted him as king at Hebron (11:1-3).
2 Jerusalem David set out to complete the conquest of the land begun by Joshua. He attacked Jerusalem, captured it, and made it his capital (11:4–12:40).
3 Kiriath-jearim The Ark of the Covenant, which had been captured by the Philistines in battle and returned (1 Samuel 4–6), was in safekeeping in Kiriath-jearim. David summoned all Israel to this city to join in bringing the Ark to Jerusalem. Unfortunately, it was not moved according to God’s instructions, and as a result, one man died. David left the Ark in the home of Obed-edom until he could discover how to transport it correctly (13:1-14).
4 Tyre David did much building in Jerusalem. King Hiram of Tyre sent workers and supplies to help build David’s palace. Cedar, abundant in the mountains north of Israel, was a valuable and hardy wood for the beautiful buildings in Jerusalem (14:1–17:27).
5 Baal-perazim David was not very popular with the Philistines because he had slain Goliath, one of their greatest warriors (1 Samuel 17). When David began to rule over a united Israel, the Philistines set out to capture him. But as David and his army approached Jerusalem, they attacked the Philistines at Baal-perazim. His army defeated the mighty Philistines twice, causing all the surrounding nations to fear David’s power (14:11-17). After these battles, David moved the Ark to Jerusalem (this time in accordance with God’s instructions for transporting the Ark). There was great celebration as the Ark was brought into Jerusalem (15:1–17:27). David spent the remainder of his life making preparations for the building of the Temple, a central place for the worship of God (18:1–29:30).
The reign of David was the golden age of Jewish history. The country was united and military victories allowed David to enlarge his territory. He introduced new administrative organization which brought stability and prosperity. He brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem an restructured the tabernacle worship.
Chapters 1-9 trace Israel’s family record back to Adam. God is very much behind the scenes selecting a people for himself. Chapters 10-29 record the history of David’s reign from the viewpoint of the chronicler’s priestly interests. His concern is not the ups and down’s of one man, but the lasting achievements of David – the monarchy and the temple. David is seen as God’s chosen king around whom the welfare of the nation revolve s. The chronicler omits much of the personal and family detail recorded in 2 Samuel. Instead, he records the nature of David’s reorganization of worship in Jerusalem, detailing his appointments of not only priests but singers, musicians and gatekeepers.
|Who’s Who in the Bible|
|Here are some of the people mentioned in this genealogy who are also mentioned elsewhere in the Bible. The writer of Chronicles reproduced a thorough history of Israel in one list of people. Many of the people in this list have exciting stories that can be traced through the Bible. Look up some of the name here that intrigue you. You may be surprised at what you discover!|
|Name||Key Life Lesson||Reference|
|Adam (1:1)||Our sins have far greater implications than we realize.||Genesis 2, 3|
|Noah (1:4)||Great rewards come from obeying God.||Genesis 6–9|
|Abraham (1:27)||Faith alone makes one right in God’s eyes.||Genesis 11:26–25:10|
|Isaac (1:28)||Seeking peace brings true respect.||Genesis 21–35|
|Esau (1:35)||It is never too late to put away bitterness and forgive.||Genesis 25:20–36:43|
|Amalek (1:36)||There are evil men and nations who seek to harm God’s people.||Exodus 17:8-16|
|Israel (Jacob) (2:1 )||While our sins may haunt us, God will honor our faith.||Genesis 25:20–50:13|
|Judah (2:3)||God can change the hearts of even the most wicked people.||Genesis 37–50|
|Tamar (2:4)||God works his purposes even through sinful events.||Genesis 38|
|Perez (2:5)||Your background does not matter to God.||Genesis 38:27-30|
|Boaz (2:12)||Those who are kind to others will receive kindness themselves.||The book of Ruth|
|Jesse (2:13)||Never take lightly the impact you may have on your children.||1 Samuel 16|
|David (2:15)||True greatness is having a heart for God.||The books of 1 and 2 Samuel|
|Joab (2:16)||Those who seek power die with nothing.||2 Samuel 2:13–1 Kings 2:34|
|Amnon (3:1)||Giving in to lust leads only to tragedy.||2 Samuel 13|
|Absalom (3:2)||Those seeking to oust a God- appointed leader will have a difficult battle.||2 Samuel 13–18|
|Adonijah (3:2)||God must determine what is rightfully ours.||1 Kings 1–2|
|Bathsheba (3:5)||One wrong act does not disqualify us from accomplishing things for God.||2 Samuel 11, 12; 1 Kings 1, 2|
|Solomon (3:5)||Man’s wisdom is foolishness without God.||1 Kings 1–11|
|Reuben (5:1)||What is gained from a moment of passion is only perceived; what is lost is real and permanent.||Genesis 35:22; 37; 49:3, 4|
|Aaron (6:3)||Don’t expect God’s leaders to be perfect, but don’t let them get away with sin either.||Exodus 4–Numbers 20|
|Nadab (6:3)||Pretending to be God’s representative is dangerous business.||Leviticus 10|
|Eleazar (6:3)||Those who are consistent in their faith are the best models to follow.||Numbers 20:25-29; 26–34; Joshua 24:33|
|Korah (6:22)||Rebelling against God’s leaders is rebelling against God and will always be unsuccessful.||Numbers 16|
|Joshua (7:27)||Real courage comes from God.||The book of Joshua|
|Saul (8:33)||Those who say they follow God but don’t live like it waste their God: given potential.||1 Samuel 8–31|
|Jonathan (8:33)||True friends always think of the other person, not just themselves.||1 Samuel 14–31|
1 A wise child£ accepts a parent’s discipline; a young mocker refuses to listen.
2Good people enjoy the positive results of their words, but those who are treacherous crave violence.
3 Those who control their tongue will have a long life; a quick retort can ruin everything.
4Lazy people want much but get little, but those who work hard will prosper and be satisfied.
5 Those who are godly hate lies; the wicked come to shame and disgrace.
6 Godliness helps people all through life, while the evil are destroyed by their wickedness.
7 Some who are poor pretend to be rich; others who are rich pretend to be poor.
8The rich can pay a ransom, but the poor won’t even get threatened.
9 The life of the godly is full of light and joy, but the sinner’s light is snuffed out.
10 Pride leads to arguments; those who take advice are wise.
11Wealth from get-rich-quick schemes quickly disappears; wealth from hard work grows.
12Hope deferred makes the heart sick, but when dreams come true, there is life and joy.
13 People who despise advice will find themselves in trouble; those who respect it will succeed.
14 The advice of the wise is like a life-giving fountain; those who accept it avoid the snares of death.
15 A person with good sense is respected; a treacherous person walks a rocky road.
16 Wise people think before they act; fools don’t and even brag about it!
17 An unreliable messenger stumbles into trouble, but a reliable messenger brings healing.
18 If you ignore criticism, you will end in poverty and disgrace; if you accept criticism, you will be honored.
19 It is pleasant to see dreams come true, but fools will not turn from evil to attain them.
20 Whoever walks with the wise will become wise; whoever walks with fools will suffer harm.
21 Trouble chases sinners, while blessings chase the righteous!
22 Good people leave an inheritance to their grandchildren, but the sinner’s wealth passes to the godly.
23 A poor person’s farm may produce much food, but injustice sweeps it all away.
24 If you refuse to discipline your children, it proves you don’t love them; if you love your children, you will be prompt to discipline them.
25 The godly eat to their hearts’ content, but the belly of the wicked goes hungry.
You have not mastered self-control if you do not control what you say. Words can cut and destroy. James recognized this truth when he stated, “The tongue is a small thing, but what enormous damage it can do” (James 3:5). If you want to be self-controlled, begin with your tongue. Stop and think before you react or speak. If you can control this small but powerful member, you can control the rest of your body. (See the chart “The Four Tongues.”)
Godly living safeguards your life. Every choice for good sets into motion other opportunities for good. Evil choices follow the same pattern, but in the opposite direction. Each decision you make to obey God’s Word will bring a greater sense of order to your life, while each decision to disobey will bring confusion and destruction. The right choices you make reflect your integrity. Obedience brings the greatest safeguard and security.
“I was wrong” or “I need advice” are difficult phrases to utter because they require humility. Pride is an ingredient in every quarrel. It stirs up conflict and divides people. Humility, by contrast, heals. Guard against pride. If you find yourself constantly arguing, examine your life for pride. Be open to the advice of others, ask for help when you need it, and be willing to admit your mistakes.
God created us, knows us, and loves us. It only makes sense, then, to listen to his instructions and do what he says. The Bible is his unfailing word to us. It is like an owner’s manual for a car. If you obey God’s instructions, you will “run right” and find his kind of power to live. If you ignore them, you will have breakdowns, accidents, and failures.
In Solomon’s day, a king had to rely on messengers for information about his country. These messengers had to be trustworthy. Inaccurate information could lead to bloodshed. Reliable communication is still vital. If the message received is different from the message sent, marriages, businesses, and diplomatic relations can all break down. It is important to choose your words well and to avoid reacting until you clearly understand what the other person means.
Whether a “dream come true” is good or bad depends on the nature of the dream or desire. It is pleasant to achieve worthwhile goals, but not all goals are worth pursuing. When you set your heart on something, you may lose your ability to assess it objectively. With your desire blinding your judgment, you may proceed with an unwise relationship, a wasteful purchase, or a poorly conceived plan. Faithfulness is a virtue, but stubbornness is not.
The old saying “A rotten apple spoils the barrel” is often applied to friendships, and with good reason. Our friends and associates affect us, sometimes profoundly. Be careful whom you choose as your closest friends. Spend time with people you want to be like—because you and your friends will surely grow to resemble each other.
When most people need advice, they go to their friends first because friends accept them and usually agree with them. But that is why they may not be able to help them with difficult problems. Our friends are so much like us that they may not have any answers we haven’t already heard. Instead, we should seek out older and wiser people to advise us. Wise people have experienced a lot in life—and have succeeded. They are not afraid to tell the truth. Who are the wise, godly people who can warn you of the pitfalls ahead?
The poor are often victims of an unjust society. A poor man’s soil may be good, but unjust laws may rob him of his own produce. This proverb does not take poverty lightly or wink at injustice; it simply describes what often occurs. We should do what we can to fight injustice of every sort. Our efforts may seem inadequate; but it is comforting to know that in the end God’s justice will prevail.
It is not easy for a loving parent to discipline a child, but it is necessary. The greatest responsibility that God gives parents is the nurture and guidance of their children. Lack of discipline puts parents’ love in question because it shows a lack of concern for the character development of their children. Disciplining children averts long-range disaster. Without correction, children grow up with no clear understanding of right and wrong and with little direction to their lives. Don’t be afraid to discipline your children. It is an act of love. Remember, however, that your efforts cannot make your children wise; they can only encourage your children to seek God’s wisdom above all else!